GST is a destination-centered tax. It means the tax will be received by a state in which the goods were used up and not where the goods were factory-made. Before this, there were various taxes such as Central Excise, Service Tax, and State VAT but, under GST, there are only three sections- CGST, SGST, and IGST.

What is CGST?

CGST is a tax imposed on the Intra State for both goods and services by the Central Government. It is governed by CGST Act 2017. Central Goods and Services Tax is the full form of CGST. Section 8 of the GST act states that taxes are imposed on Intra-state supplies of Goods or Services.

It will not exceed their rate of tax to 14%. Each in CGST and SGST because Central and State governments both agree to combine their imposed-on taxes in appropriate proportion.   

Objective of CGST

Erstwhile taxation law states that the central government puts taxes on the manufacture of some goods in the custom of central excise duty, inter-state sale of goods in the form of central sales tax, and Provision of some services in the form of service tax.

In the same way, the state government imposes taxes on retail sales on value-added tax, entry of goods in the state in the form of entry tax, luxury tax, and purchase tax.

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Source and Applicability of CGST

  • CGST Act applies to the whole of India apart from the states of Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Jammu and Kashmir need an improvement to have GST in their state. On expenses of its exceptional powers on taxation under the constitution. GST will be announced once this is done.
  • CGST Act is applicable and notified by the central government from the day of the appointed date.
  • Various provisions may be applicable from other dates as they get notified.
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Features of CGST

  • To impose taxes on all intra-state for both goods and services.
  • To widen the area of the input tax credit by making it open. In admiration of paid taxes both goods or services.
  • To offer for self-valuation of the taxes which are payable by the registered person.
  • To levy responsibility on electronic commerce, operators to gather tax at source, not surpassing 1% of the taxable value, out of payments to suppliers.
  • To offer the power of investigation, search, seizure, and arrest to the officers.
  • To provide for retrieval of arrears of tax using various ways including the movable and immovable property of defaulting taxable persons.
  • To make provisions for consequences of the Provision of projected legislation.
  • According to the state, Single registration under GST is necessary to meet needs like filing returns, paying taxes, etc. This is also available online.

What is GST registration?

GST rule states any businesses whose turnover surpasses Rs. Forty lakhs have to register as a Normal taxable person. This procedure is called GST registration.

In certain businesses, registration is compulsory. If the business continues to work without registering under the GST, it will face a heavy penalty and be considered an offense.

GST registration requires 2-6 days. We will help your business to get registered in easy steps.

Applicability of CGST

The applicability of CGST depends upon the nature of the supply given in the transaction. Supplies under GST are of two types.

Intra-state supply

Intra-state supply means the supply where the location of the supplier and place of supply is in the same union territory. In this, the location of the supplier means the registration place of business- where the goods are manufactured.

Place of supply is the place of delivery of goods. In simple words, it is the registered location of the receiver of goods and services

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In the case of the supply of goods and services, you have to pay both CGST and SGST. After collecting both the Taxes CGST will be deposited with the central government. The SGST part will be deposited in the respective state government.

For example, Laxmi Enterprise, a manufacturer in Chhattisgarh, supplies goods to Prateek Traders, a dealer in Chhattisgarh. Goods worth Rs.1,00,000 are supplied by Laxmi enterprises, after adding GST @18%. Meanwhile, it is an Intra-state supply; GST is deposited both in Central and State governments. Total GST amounting to Rs. 18,000. This amount is then equally deposited in separate heads CGST and SGST.

Inter-state supply

Inter-state supply means supply where the location of the supplier and the place of supply is: In two different states, two different union territories, a state, and a territory.

Any supply is taxable land that is not Intra-state supply is believed to be an inter-state supply. Here are some suppliers that are treated as inter-state supplies:

  • Good or services which imported to India
  • Good or services which exported outside India
  • Source good or services to international tourists
  • Funding to or by Special Economic Zones

Therefore, Inter-state supply of goods and services imposes only IGST and is collected by Central Government,

For example, Sumeet Ltd, a manufacturer in Karnataka, supplies goods to Himanshu Traders, a dealer in Delhi. Goods worth Rs.1,00,000 are supplied by Sumeet enterprises after adding GST @18%. Meanwhile, it is an inter-state supply. GST is deposited only in the Central Government. Therefore, a total GST of Rs. 18,000 into CGST head only.

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MSME stands for Micro, Small, Medium Enterprises. In India, this acts like support for the economy. There are different types of businesses. Sole proprietorship, Joint Hindu family, partnership firm, a Public or Private Limited Company can acquire MSME registration in India.

MSME works as a welfare for the workers. It helps by giving loans to employees. A loan for MSME can be acquired without collateral. It means you don’t have to pledge any assets to get a loan.

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is the CGST?

CGST is a tax levied on Intra State supplies of both goods and services by the Central Government and will be governed by the CGST Act. SGST will also be levied on the same Intra State supply but will be governed by the State Government.

What is CGST and SGST and IGST?

IGST, CGST, and SGST are categories of Goods and Service Tax. IGST applies to interstate transactions and CGST and SGST to intrastate transactions. IGST is collected together and distributed to the Central and State Governments. SGST and CGST are collected directly by the Central and State Governments.

What is CGST and SGST explain?

CGST means Central goods and service tax that replace the existing tax like service tax, excise tax, etc. SGST means the state goods and service tax, replaces the existing tax like sales tax, entry tax, luxury tax, etc. this tax Is levied by the state government.

What is CGST formula?

GST can be calculated simply by multiplying the Taxable amount by GST rate. If CGST & SGST/UTGST is to be applied then CGST and SGST both amounts are half of the total GST amount. GST = Taxable Amount x GST Rate.

What are types of GST in India?

These are the types of GST in India:
1) Integrated Goods and Services Tax (IGST)
2) State Goods and Services Tax (SGST)
3) Central Goods and Services Tax (CGST)
4) Union Territory Goods and Services Tax (UTGST)

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