Starting a new business is more than an idea. Indeed an idea is required, but there are several other things that you need to let your product/service and business work.
Besides, there is also a need to bring transparency for which several rules and regulations are being laid down. Every business owner is required to adhere to them.
One of these rules is registering the business as a company and getting a Corporate Identity Number (CIN).
So, if you too are on the verge of starting your own company, it is vital for you to know about the CIN number registration to help yourself with smooth transactions. To begin with, let’s first understand in-depth what CIN number is.
What is CIN Number?
CIN Number is a unique 21-digit alphanumeric number provided to all One Person Company, Private Limited Company, Section 8 Company, Limited Company, Producer Company, and Nidhi Company registered in India.
The CIN number full form is Corporate Identity Number which is used to track all the aspects of the company. The number is assigned by the Registrar of Companies (ROC) of the states under the Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA).
The concerned ROC issues certificate with a unique CIN code and approved name after the formation of a company.
The CIN no. reveals the identity and basic information of the company. The number also helps in finding the authenticity of the business.
In this post, we will discuss what the CIN number is, its importance, how to get it, and where it is required.
Types of Business Structures in India
- Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): it is a separate legal entity where all the partners have limited liabilities. Their liabilities are limited to their contribution. Here, one partner is not liable or responsible for the misconduct of the other.
- One Person Company (OPC): it is one of the best ways of starting the company these days. If there is only owner or promoter, OPC enables him to commence his business as a sole-proprietor and still be in the corporate framework.
- Private Limited Company (PLC): here, the owners are separate from the company in the eyes of the law. All the individuals, such as directors (company officers), shareholders (stakeholders), etc. are regarded as company employees.
- Public Limited Company (PLC): a voluntary association of members under the Company Law is PLC. The liability of the members is limited to their shares.
What is the Importance of CIN Number?
CIN number use to track the aspects of the company and must be provided on all the transactions with the respective ROC.
The CIN number means the basic information about the company. In other words, each digit of the alphanumeric can be easily translated into important information related to the company.
And so, the CIN number is used to find the details of the company registered under the MCA. Various details can be identified and tracked by the information ROC/MCA holds about the company with this number.
What is the Format of CIN Number?
The CIN number is a 21-digit number with each number displaying some information about the company. The format of the Corporate Identification Number is as follows:
Listing Status: The first letter of the number represents if the company is listed or not listed. It is U for unlisted status and L for listed status.
Industry Code: The next 5 digits of the number represent the ROC industry code. All different activities have different 5-digit code and this code is used to identify the type of company. A few examples of the same are as follows:
|2||Real estate activities on a contract basis or fee||70200|
|3||Freight transport by motor vehicles||60231|
|4||Retail sale of construction materials||52341|
|5||Manufacture of mineral water||15543|
|6||Farming of sheep, cattle, goats, asses, horses, hinnies, mules, dairy farming||01211|
|7||Production, supply, and documentation of ready-made software||72211|
|8||Activities of travel agencies and tour operators||63040|
- State Code: The 7th and 8th place represents the state code of the state in which the company is incorporated. If the company is incorporated in Tamil Nadu or Maharashtra, the 7th and 8th digit will be TN or MH respectively.
Incorporation year: Digits from 9th to 12th place represent the year of the incorporation of the company.
Ownership Type: After the incorporation year, the next three characters represent the ownership type of company – PLC for Public Limited Company and PTC for Private Limited Company.
Registration Number: The last six digits of the CIN number are the registration number of the company issued by ROC. Notably, the LLPs in India do not have CIN and they instead use LLPIN.
Where CIN is mentioned?
The Corporate Identification Number is to be mentioned in the following documents:
- Receipts & Invoices
- Annual Reports
- Every e-form on the MCA portal
- Other publications
If the businessmen do not adhere to the above-mentioned requirements, then the penalty levied is INR 1000/day. The maximum penalty, however, is INR 1,00,000.
How to get CIN Number?
The CIN number is automatically allotted after the company is incorporated and approved by the ROC – Registrar of Company. So, there is no need to apply for CIN number.
ROC or Registrar of Companies is a government institute that functions to incorporate or register companies. It is situated in all the respective Indian states and Union Territories.
The main objective of the Registrar of Companies is to ensure that all companies in India comply with statutory requirements. The other objectives of ROC include:
- Change of company names
- Actions against the default companies
- Conversion of companies from private to public
When to Change CIN Number?
The CIN number can be changed in the following cases:
- Change in the listing (Listed or Unlisted) status of the company
- Change in location or state of the company’s registered office
- Change in sector/industry of the company
What is the CIN Number Tracking Process?
You can easily find company details by CIN number online. To track or check your company’s registration number, visit the Ministry of Corporate Affairs website.